scomber scombrus Atlantic mackerel is easily recognized by its blue/green tiger-like back stripes. It has an average length of about 30 – 40 cm, although it can grow up to 70 cm. Mackerel is a fast swimmer and needs to be in constant motion in order not to sink, as it doesn’t have a swim bladder. Atlantic mackerel is a predatory fish that feeds on krill, crustaceans, small fish and is even prone to cannibalism. It is a migratory fish. It spawns just east of the Irish coast during spring then migrates north-west towards Iceland in the early summer. In late summer to early fall it moves eastward towards Norway. From fall to winter the it travels south along the Norwegian coast to the North Sea. During the winter it heads back west to the Irish coast for spawning. Consequently, Atlantic mackerel is always close to the Faroe Islands during its annual migration. A female mackerel can spawn up to 450.000 eggs in a single spawning season. The hatching time depends on sea temperature. Most Atlantic mackerel spawn in temperate waters at about 9 – 12 °C. At this temperature hatching usually takes about a week. The newly hatched larvae are incapable of swimming, instead, they drift with the pelagic current for a month. Then enters the post-larval stage. At night the young mackerel go to the surface to feed, during the day they descend deeper into the ocean to avoid natural predators. After approx. 40 days the Atlantic mackerel has grown to about 5 cm in length. At this stage, the young mackerel as taken on the distinct mackerel shape and colors, and they join other mackerel in the annual migration. Atlantic mackerel reaches sexual maturity at 2 years of age and can live up to 17 years. Credits: Marine Stewardship Council – Mackerel 2019Wikipedia – MackerelVardin SeafoodsDownsizer
When cooked fresh, turbot meat is subtly flavoured and sweet. (It also stores well and can be kept for a few days due to its mild flavour and high gelatine content.) Turbot can be filleted, then steamed or sautéed. But I like to make serving turbot into a family occasion and roast the fish whole to be shared at the table.
Bouillabaisse A La Marseillaise is a traditional Provençal fish stew originating from the port city of Marseille. Marseille There are plenty of variations of bouillabaisse, and even in Marseille, you’ll find strong debates over the proper way to make it. Tradition dictates that it requires many different varieties of fish, and was made with whatever the fishermen hadn’t sold that morning. Ingredients The most important thing is that you should use several varieties of fish, and the fish should be very fresh. In Provence you would use a variety of Mediterranean fish, but here in the UK where we can’t get those fish fresh, we have to make substitutions. The distinctive flavors of a bouillabaisse broth include saffron, which also gives it its orange color, orange zest, and fennel. Bouillabaisse ingredients Use firm fish for fillets such as sea bass, red mullet, haddock, halibut, cod, or conger. Small whole fish can be added as well. Also traditional are mussels, squid, and crab. Like many culinary classics, bouillabaisse started out humbly. Once a cheap meal for hungry French fishermen, now it’s considered a feast fit for a king. Pulpo a la GallegaSquid and Black Pudding with PeppersCanarian Dogfish StewRack of Lamb with Port Sauce Recipe – Bouillabaisse a La Marseillaise Bouillabaisse a La Marseillaise Bouillabaisse is a traditional Provençal fish stew originating from the port city of Marseille. 2 baby fennel60 ml extra virgin olive oil1 onion (large, finely chopped)1 stalk celery (finely chopped)6 cloves garlic (finely chopped)2 leeks (white part only, finely chopped)1 tsp fennel seeds (crushed)1/4 tsp firmly packed saffron threads1.75 litre fish stock1 kg ripe tomatoes2 tbsp tomato puree2 bay leaves4 sprigs thyme1/2 orange (peeled into strips)1 pinch cayenne pepper60 ml Pernod 1200 g whole john dory (filleted, halved lengthwise)1400 g whole flathead fish (filleted, cut into 6cm pieces)16 large green king prawns (peeled with tails intact, cleaned)4 scampi (halved lengthwise)400 g mussels (scrubbed, bearded)400 g clams (vongole, soaked in cold water for 15 minutes)Thinly sliced baguette ((brushed with oil and toasted), to serve) Trim fennel tops, reserving trimmings for stock and fronds for serving, and chop fennel finely. Heat oil in a large saucepan or casserole over medium heat. Add fennel, onion, celery, garlic, leeks and fennel seeds, and cook, stirring occasionally, for 10 minutes or until vegetables soften.Meanwhile, combine saffron and 125ml of fish stock in a small bowl and set aside for 10 minutes to steep.Peel tomatoes, remove seeds and discard, then chop finely. Add tomato paste to vegetables in pan and cook, stirring, for 1 minute. Add the saffron mixture, tomatoes, bay leaves, thyme, orange peel and the remaining stock to the pan and simmer for 30 minutes. Season generously with salt. Stir in cayenne and Pernod.Add the fish to the pan, then prawns and scampi, making sure the seafood is submerged in the liquid. Cook for 5 minutes or until seafood is just cooked. 5 Meanwhile, place mussels, clams and 2 tablespoons water in a frying pan over high heat. Cover with a lid and cook, shaking the pan occasionally, for 3 minutes or until the shells open.Divide bouillabaisse among bowls. Top with clams and mussels and scatter with reserved fennel fronds. Serve with toasts and rouille Main CourseFrench “To the French, bouillabaisse without rouille is like Marseille without sunshine. This ruddy, bread-thickened sauce adds an essential garlicky richness and delivers a true burst of Mediterranean flavor.” epicurious.com Rouille Sauce Rouille sauce is the perfect accompaniment to fish soup. Eaten on croutons of garlic-rubbed bread, it is in the form of spicy mayonnaise. Also, its rusty color (brown-red) is the origin of its name. Keep your prepared rouille chilled in the fridge until served, either the same day or the next day. Before serving, if the rouille is stiff, thin it with a few drops of boiling water. Rouille Sauce Rouille sauce is the perfect accompaniment to fish soup, and is eaten on croutons of garlic-rubbed bread, and is in the form of a spicy mayonnaise. 1 Tbsp hot fish stock or clam broth2 cloves peeled garlic1 small red hot pepper1/2 teaspoon salt1/4 cup soft white bread (pulled into bits)1/2 cup olive oil Put hot fish stock or clam broth into the bottom of a blender. Add garlic and red hot pepper, salt and bread. Blend until very smooth.With the blender still running, add olive oil slowly and stop the blending as soon as the oil disappears. Side DishFrench taste.com.ausimplyrecipes.comepicurious.com196flavors.com