Christmas Pudding
christmas pudding

Christmas Pudding

Total time: 12 hours
Servings: 8
christmas pudding

There are more Christmas pudding recipes on the web and in cookbooks than you can shake a stick at, as the old saying goes.

The most often quoted ones seem to be those from Mary Berry and Jamie Oliver. My featured recipe is the one my eldest son uses. He doesn’t remember where the original came from but he has tweaked it to our families preferences over the years.

All I can say about it is that it tastes fantastic and is the highlight of our Christmas meal.


For many British households, Christmas dinner has to end with a slice of Christmas pudding topped with brandy butter or in my house, lashings of hot custard.

Today’s pudding bears little resemblance to the original 14th-century porridge known as frumenty. This concoction of beef, mutton, raisins, wine, currants and spices would be eaten on the run-up to Christmas while all the preparations were underway.

frumenty pudding

King George I was a fan of plum pudding as it was now known, although it rarely if ever contained any plums?

By 1714 the pudding was firmly established in British society and by Victorian times it evolved into the pudding we know and love today.


Things have moved on thankfully from the historical use of minced meat (that’s where the term comes from), thank the Lord.

The mix of ingredients we now use does actually make a dessert and not the main course.

christmas pudding ingredients

During the inter-war years Christmas pudding was promoted by the British media as a symbol of the British Empire.

Ingredients imported from across the imperial assets of the British crown were collated into a recipe by the King’s chef to promote trade.

empire pudding ingredients


There are many traditions associated with the making of a Christmas pudding. Most are religious, some are practical and a few were pure superstition.

Pudding making should commence 5 weeks before Christmas on the last Sunday before Advent, known as stir up Sunday.

Each family member should stir the pudding mixture 3 times while making a secret wish. It should be stirred using a wooden spoon, symbolising the manger, rotating east to west, for the three wise men’s journey.

A coin, usually a silver sixpence, (that’s pre-decimal for you younger readers) should go in the mix. Whoever finds it in their serving would have good luck for the following year. Decimal UK coins are made from various combinations of copper, zinc and nickel which is not safe to bake plus they go green.

The pudding should have 13 ingredients representing Jesus and his twelve disciples.

Don’t forget the unmarried with the pudding stirring. Superstition has it that they won’t find a partner in the coming year if left out.


Why do we set fire to our Christmas pudding?

It is supposed to represent the Passion of Christ with the sprig of holly representing the crown of thorns.

flaming christmas pudding
Victorian plum pudding flambed on the way to the table

If you do plan to flambe your pudding, heat the alcohol gently first before pouring it over the warm pudding. Trust me, it makes it much easier to light without resorting to a blowtorch.


Whether you make your pudding on stir up Sunday or well before, you need to ‘feed’ it while it matures. Just like Christmas cake, the addition of alcohol, usually brandy, or even Armagnac, my particular favourite, at regular intervals helps things along.

feeding christmas pudding
Feeding the Christmas pudding

Custard, Cream or Ice Cream?

Traditionally, Christmas pudding is served with brandy butter but I like custard.

christmas pudding with custard

My wife has to have double cream on top with a mince pie on the side. The grandchildren invariably want ice cream. Lately, the daughters-in-law have asked for creme fraiche.

Have I mentioned I like custard?

Buy One Instead

There are some really good ready-made puddings out there as well as some pretty mediocre ones.

tesco christmas pudding
Tesco mini Christmas pudding

I know not everyone has time to make their own but try if you can, you won’t be disappointed.

Other Recipes You Maybe Interested in …..

christmas pudding

Christmas Pudding

Homemade traditional Christmas pudding
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Course: Dessert
Cuisine: 🇬🇧 British
Keyword: Christmas, custard, dessert, pudding
Difficulty: Average
Prep Time: 2 hours
Cook Time: 8 hours
On Christmas Day:: 2 hours
Total Time: 12 hours
Servings: 8
Calories: 627kcal
Author: Jason Walters


For the Pudding

  • 450 g dried mixed fruit use a mixture of sultanas, raisins, and snipped apricots
  • 1 cooking apple small, peeled, cored and roughly chopped
  • 1 carrot peeled and grated
  • 1 Orange finely grated rind and juice
  • 3 tbsp brandy plus extra for flaming
  • 75 g butter softened, plus extra for greasing
  • 100 g light muscovado sugar
  • 2 eggs free-range
  • 100 g self-raising flour
  • 1 tsp mixed spice
  • 40 g fresh white breadcrumbs
  • 40 g whole shelled almonds roughly chopped

For the Brandy Butter

  • 100 g butter unsalted, softened
  • 225 g icing sugar sieved
  • 3 tbsp brandy rum or cognac

To Feed:

  • 2 tbsp brandy for each feed

To serve

  • 4 tbsp brandy


For the Pudding:

  • Measure the sultanas, raisins, apricots and apple into a bowl with the orange juice. Add the measured brandy, stir and leave to marinate for about one hour.
  • Put the measured butter, sugar and grated orange rind into a large bowl and cream together with a wooden spoon or a hand-held whisk until light and fluffy. Gradually beat in the eggs, adding a little of the measured flour if the mixture starts to curdle.
  • Sift together the flour and mixed spice, then fold into the creamed mixture with the breadcrumbs and the nuts. Add the soaked dried fruits with their soaking liquid and stir well.
  • Generously butter a 1.4 litre/2½ pint pudding basin. Cut a small disc of foil or baking parchment and press into the base of the basin.
  • Spoon into the prepared pudding basin and press the mixture down with the back of a spoon. Cover the pudding with a layer of baking parchment paper and foil, both pleated across the middle to allow for expansion. Tie securely with string and trim off excess paper and foil with scissors.

Option – To Steam

  • Put the pudding in the top of a steamer filled with simmering water, cover with a lid and steam for eight hours, topping up the water as necessary.

Option – To Boil

  • Put a metal jam jar lid, or metal pan lid, into the base of a large pan to act as a trivet. Place a long, doubled strip of foil in the pan, between the trivet and the pudding basin, ensuring the ends of the strip reach up and hang over the edges of the pan. This will help you to lift the heavy pudding basin out of the pan of hot water when it has finished cooking.
  • Lower the pudding onto the trivet and pour in enough boiling water to come half way up the side of the bowl. Cover with a lid, bring the water back to the boil, then simmer for about seven hours, until the pudding is a glorious deep brown colour, topping up the water as necessary.

After Cooking:

  • When cooked through, remove the pudding from the pan and cool completely. Discard the paper and foil and replace with fresh. Store in a cool, dry place. Feed the pudding 4 times between now and Christmas.

To Feed:

  • Uncover the pudding and sprinkle 2 tablespoons of brandy over the top. Re-cover.

For the Brandy Butter:

  • Place the butter into a mixing bowl and cream with a wooden spoon until light and fluffy – or for speed use an electric hand-held mixer. Beat in the sieved icing sugar until smooth, then add brandy, rum or cognac, to taste. Spoon into a serving dish, cover and set aside in the fridge.

To Serve:

  • On Christmas Day, steam or boil the pudding for about two hours to reheat. Turn the pudding onto a serving plate. To flame, warm the brandy or rum in a small pan, pour it over the hot pudding and set light to it. Serve with brandy butter.


Calories: 627kcal | Carbohydrates: 95g | Protein: 7g | Fat: 22g | Saturated Fat: 12g | Fiber: 8g | Sugar: 71g

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